Botanical name: Lavandula angustifolia or Lavandula officinalis.
The name lavender comes from the Latin root lavare, which means "to wash." Lavender may have earned this name because it was frequently used in baths to help purify the body and spirit.There are 48 species of lavender with hundreds of genotypes which differenciate from shape to their content of essential oils.
Lavender is a heavily branched short shrub that grows to a height of roughly 60 centimeters (about 24 inches). Its broad rootstock bears woody branches with upright, rod like, leafy, green shoots. A silvery down covers the gray green narrow leaves, which are oblong and tapered, attached directly at the base, and curled spirally.
Lavender contains a volatile oil, the main constituents of which are: borneol,cineol (mainly in English Lavender, only a trace in French), geraniol, linalool,etc.,pinene, tannin.
THERAPEUTIC ACTIONS & USES IN OUR DAYS
Lavender has numerous medicinal properties and it is considered by scientists as one of 20 major therapeutic herbs.
The main uses of lavender concern insomnia and nervous tension by reducing boold pressure.
Lavender relieves from headaches and muscle stress, soothes the stomach , colds and coughs (asthma , whooping cough , influenza and laryngitis , sinusitis) and toothache.
Lavender is not only analgesic but also antiseptic.It destroys germs helping the " decontamination " of injured areas and relieves insect bites , cuts and abrasions while reducing dandruff, dry eczema and acne . Finally, lavender is a known miticide and insect repellent.Scientists have proven it works againstalopecia areata (an autoimmune disease that causes hair to fall out, often in patches.